Lotha Tribal Shawl of Nagaland

Textiles, Weaving, Spinning, Khadi, Tribal Crafts

Lotha Tribal Shawl of Nagaland

The Lotha tribe is an indigenous Naga tribe from the state of Nagaland in northeastern India. They are known for their unique cultural traditions and handicrafts, including their traditional shawls.

The Lotha tribal shawl, also known as a “Rongkhim” or “Rongmei”, is a woven shawl made from cotton or silk. It features bold geometric patterns and bright colors, often in red, black, and white.

The shawls are usually woven by Lotha women, who have inherited the traditional skills and knowledge from their mothers and grandmothers. The process of weaving a Lotha shawl can take several months, and involves the use of a backstrap loom and hand-operated tools. The weavers use a variety of weaving techniques, including twill, plain weave, and embroidery, to create intricate and beautiful patterns on the shawl.

The designs on Lotha shawls are usually geometric in nature and feature bold lines and shapes. For example, the zigzag pattern represents the mountain ranges of Nagaland, while the diamond-shaped pattern represents the traditional warrior shield. The shawls are usually worn by women during traditional ceremonies and festivals, and are considered a symbol of their cultural identity.

The colors used in Lotha shawls are also significant. Red is considered a symbol of strength and courage, while black represents the spirit world and white symbolizes purity and peace.



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