Batik is a variety of fabric decoration that has long been in existence in Sri Lanka; however its potential has been explored adequately only in the past two decades. The term ‘batik’ is derived from ‘tik’, which signifies drawing, painting, and colouring; in this craft, coloured designs are made on the fabric using varied techniques. A factor that is instrumental in the continuity of batik traditions is that the craft can be practised with minimal resources. Most of the artisans involved in the batik craft are women. Artistic and well-made quality batiks are in high demand by both the locals and the tourists. The craft provides ample opportunities of employment and is a steady source of foreign exchange for the country.