The National Folk Museum of Korea was opened in 1946 as the National Museum of Anthropology with the stated aim to investigate and study Korean folk life and to acquire and preserve artefacts relating to Korean cultural life. It changed its name to the National Folk Museum of Korea in 1975.
By the beginning of the twenty-first century, the museum was taking a much broader view about Korean culture with the desire to place it into its international, social, technological, as well as historical contexts. In addition, there is now a children’s museum attached to the main complex.
The collection of the museum includes a wide range of artefacts, including a large collection of textiles, garments and accessories that represent Korean regional life. There are a range of items, including some embroideries, on display in the History of the Korean People gallery.