Minakari is an art of making jewllery pieces with enamel while kundan is a technique of setting stones in gold and lac. Kundan is often described as a craft which is quintessentially Indian. The technique of kundan was mastered by craftsman in western and southern parts of India. Gold was the preferred metal by the affluent and royal families along with precious stones and uncut diamonds/ vilandi hiro. The traditional jadau jewellery consists of assembling stones in kundan on one side with intricate minakari work on the reverse side. Some of the centers for this craft in Gujarat are Tankara, Vankaner, Morbi and Rajkot.
Pachchhikaam or pachchi kaari jewellery belongs to the city of Kutch in Gujarat. The craftsmen enclose semiprecious stones and glasswork inside a metallic claw. The craft is implemented in kundan technique using skilled hand work. Pachchhikaam catered to the clients of Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries.