Hand block printing is a technique for dying and colouring fabric with wooden blocks. Beautiful designs are produced by craftspeople using wooden or metal blocks. Linoleum blocks are also often used. India is one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of block printed cloth.
Block printing in Punjab is performed by a group of textile workers known as the Chhimba. Floral and geometrical designs are popular. Traditional designs have been displaced, and vegetable dyes have given way to chemical dyes. Light and pastel colours are used. Mangoes, peacocks, and nets are popular motifs.