Galo Textile is a traditional handloom textile of the Galo tribe, who primarily reside in the West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The Galo tribe is known for its unique and intricate weaving techniques that produce high-quality cotton and silk fabrics.
The yarn used in Galo textiles is primarily made from cotton and silk, which are locally grown and spun by hand. The yarn is then dyed using natural dyes made from plant extracts, bark, and roots. These dyes produce a range of colors, including red, green, yellow, and blue.
The weaving process involves setting up the warp threads on the backstrap loom and then weaving the weft threads through them. The weaver uses a shuttle to pass the weft threads through the warp threads, creating intricate patterns and designs on the fabric. The weaver also uses various techniques such as twill, satin, and herringbone weaves to create different textures and patterns.
Galo textiles are known for their intricate designs and patterns, which are inspired by nature and the environment around the Galo tribe. Some of the popular motifs used in Galo textiles include flowers, birds, animals, and geometric shapes. The designs are often symmetrical and balanced, creating a harmonious effect on the fabric.