Carpet weaving was introduced to India through Persia. The Mughals patronised and unwaveringly supported the art, transforming Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh into a major centre of carpet weaving. The carpet industry in Gwalior is thriving, thanks to skilled weavers and innovative designs. The carpets are distinguished by fine woollen carpets that are brightly coloured and feature floral and geometric designs.Cotton and woollen punja durries are hand-woven in a variety of colours to complement both traditional and contemporary home decor. Generally, patterns are based on kiln designs, abstract traditional motifs, and animal and human figures. Previously, natural dyes were used to colour the fabric, but synthetic dyes are now being used as well.
Pattern is an essential component of knotted carpets, and traditional designs have been used in various variations for over 200 years. Madhya Pradesh woollen carpets come in a variety of vivid colours and styles, including floral and geometric patterns. Madhya Pradesh bears the distinct imprint of Rajput, Maratha, British, and Mughal characteristics as a result of its central position.
Some leading dhurrie weaving centres in Madhya Pradesh are Sironj, Raigarh, Jhabua, Jabalpur, and Shahdol.