Cane Haversacks of Arunachal Pradesh

Cane, Bamboo

Cane Haversacks of Arunachal Pradesh

A usual backpack or haversack of split cane made by the Adi Gallong tribe is worn only by men for carrying their belonging during hunting expeditions or finding sites for jhum cultivation outside their villages. Besides the Adi Gallong, Hill Miri, Ada Tani and Tagin also make cane haversack.

Articles that are made using this technique are rathak/ gallong haversack, ronak/ tagin haversack, lera/ apa tani haversack, nera/ hil miri haversack and pathu/ gallong haversack. The rathak and pathu are made from split cane. The rathak is shaped like a rectangular pouch, open at the top where the cane splits are woven into a mat which is folded and the sides are joined with the split cane interlaced in a herringbone-twill structure. The pathu is woven like a basket, starting from the base, using a diagonal weave structure. It is thicker and wider than the rathak with the base protected from wear and tear by a wide band of cane loops bound by splits. A double walled structure is created at the back of the haversack which is a layer of waterproof toka pata, palm leaves, or even a rubber sheet sandwiched in between the outer wall that has been made with an open hexagonal weave. Mostly baskets have variations of wrapping and braiding in which the edges and rims are finished. Dao a wide bladed knife is the tool used in the craft.




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