Bhotia Dann/ Rugs of Uttarakhand

Dhurries, Floor Covering, Carpets

Bhotia Dann/ Rugs of Uttarakhand

Bhotia Dann or Rug is a traditional hand-woven carpet made by the Bhotia community in the Uttarakhand region of India. The Bhotia Dann is one of the oldest forms of the craft in Uttarakhand and is associated with the Bhotia community, who are of Tibetan origin. The traditional Bhotia designs are characterized by stylized geometric motifs and floral and dragon designs that exhibit Chinese influence.

The raw material used for making Bhotia dann is wool, which is sourced from the local sheep breeds found in the Uttarakhand region. The wool is first sheared from the sheep, and then it is washed to remove any impurities. The wool is then dyed in natural colors such as indigo, madder and other to get a wide range of colors.

The spun yarn is arranged onto a frame called a “warping board.” The warp is made by winding the yarn onto the board in parallel lines. The weaving process starts by setting up a loom. The warp yarns are threaded through the loom, and the weft yarns are woven in between the warp yarns using a shuttle. The weaver uses their hands and feet to control the shuttle and create the design.

Once the weaving is complete, the rug is ready to be finished. The pile of the rug is created by tying knots on each warp thread. This process is called knotting, and it is done by hand. After knotting, the pile of the rug is cut to an even length using a pair of scissors. This process is called trimming. Finally, the rug is washed to remove any dirt and impurities. The washed rug is then dried in the sun.

The use of natural dyes and traditional weaving techniques gives Bhotia rugs their unique and beautiful look.




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